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The City of Hitchcock has several port advantages with close proximity to the Galveston Port across the Causeway
Bridge connecting Hitchcock to Galveston. In addition, the Houston Port Authority’s multiple ports are within minutes of
driving time to the north on SH 146. Hitchcock is also near the private Port of Texas City and the ability to take 2004
south to 288 and easily access the Port of Freeport.


What began as not much more than a trading post in 1825 has grown to over 850 acres of port
facilities today. Established by a proclamation issued by the Congress of Mexico on October 17, 1825,
while the land known as Texas still belonged to Mexico, the Port of Galveston became the oldest port in the
Gulf of Mexico west of New Orleans.

City Support

Galveston and its port have always been intertwined. Galveston was founded to take advantage of a prime natural location. In reports,
Galveston was called the best natural harbor that the colony of Texas had to offer.

Timeline

View a timeline of the Port of Galveston’s history.



The Port of Houston is a 25-mile-long complex of diversified public and private facilities located just a few hours by ship
from the Gulf of Mexico. The port is consistently ranked 1st in the United States in foreign waterborne tonnage; 1st in U.S.
imports; 1st in U.S. export tonnage and 2nd in the U.S. in total tonnage. It is also the nation’s
leading breakbulk port, handling 41 percent of project cargo at Gulf Coast ports.

The Port of Houston is made up of the public terminals owned, managed and leased by the Port of Houston Authority, and the 150-plus private industrial companies along the 52-mile long Houston Ship Channel. Each year, more than 200 million tons of cargo move through the Port of Houston, carried by more than 8,000 vessel and 200,000 barge calls.

As one of the world’s busiest ports, the Port of Houston is a large and vibrant component of the regional economy. A 2012 study by Martin Associates says ship channel-related businesses contribute 1,026,820 jobs throughout Texas, up from more than 785,000 jobs cited in a 2007 study. This activity helped generate more than $178.5 billion in statewide economic impact, up from nearly $118 billion. Additionally, more than $4.5 billion in state and local tax revenues are generated by business activities related to the port, up from $3.7 billion.


The Port of Houston has been instrumental in the city of Houston’s development as a center of international trade. It is home to a $15 billion petrochemical complex, the largest in the nation and second largest in the world. Carrier services on all major tradelanes link Houston to international markets around the globe. The ship channel also intersects a very busy barge traffic lane, the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway.

Companies that do business internationally also find Houston attractive because of its well-developed financial infrastructure, skilled work force and diverse population. Ample space and favorable conditions for industrial development, as well as for cargo handling, make Houston a choice location for industry.

Houston has the nation’s 3rd largest consular corps with more than 90 nations represented. Additionally, the Bayou City has 22 foreign banks from 12 nations, 30 active international chambers of commerce and trade associations, and numerous Houston operations of foreign-owned companies. Houston is one of only eight U.S. cities to have a regional office of the U.S. Export-Import Bank.

Centrally located on the Gulf Coast, Houston is a strategic gateway for cargo originating in or destined for the U.S. West and Midwest. Houston lies within close reach of one of the nation’s largest concentrations of consumers. More than 17 million people live within 300 miles of the city, and approximately 60 million live within 700 miles. Ample truck, rail and air connections allow shippers to economically transport their goods between Houston and inland points.



The Texas City Port is located immediately off the Houston Ship Channel at the main entry to the Houston Ship Channel. It is the 9th largest deep water port in the U.S. and getting deeper.
The Texas City Ship Channel is in the process of being deepened to a depth of 45 maintained feet (roughly 49 feet of total depth).

Port of Texas City – Texas City Terminal Railway Co.

our 400-foot-wide, 45-foot-deep channel ensures a fast, safe turnaround.


Port Freeport came into being more than 100 years ago when the first jetty system was built in Freeport, Texas. Since that time, the Port has become one of the fastest growing ports on the Gulf Coast, and we are currently
ranked as the 26th largest port in the United States in terms of foreign tonnage.

Located just three miles from deep water, Port Freeport is one of the most accessible ports on the Gulf Coast. Our central Texas location offers efficient transportation via highway, railroad or intercoastal waterway, and our 400-foot-wide,
45-foot-deep channel ensures a fast, safe turnaround.